What is Gum Disease?
Gum disease is swelling or soreness of the gums ( the soft tissue) around your teeth. It is caused by the bacteria in plaque, a sticky , colorless film that forms on your teeth. The plaque bacteria have toxins that inflame the gums .
If you do not remove plaque by brushing and flossing your teeth, it can build up and infect your gums, teeth and the bone that supports them . if not treated by a dentist , you can lose your teeth.
the sings of gum disease are not always easy to see and can be painless . The earlier gum disease is caught , the easier it is to treat. That’s why the regularly dental visits are important .
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There are three stages of gum Disease:
This is the first stage of gum disease. Your gums may feel tender and you may see some bleeding when you brush or floss.
The American Academy of Periodontology considers gingivitis a mild periodontal disease. Gingivitis can be reversed by having a dentist or hygienist clean your teeth and with proper brushing and flossing at home.
Gingivitis gums are mildly sore, may be red or puffy and may bleed during brushing.
at the stage, plaque spreads to your tooth roots causing an infection ,which can damage the bone and fibers that hold teeth in place. Your gums may begin to pull away from your teeth . proper dental care and better home care can help stop more damage.
Periodontitis gums pull away from the teeth . this lets plaque move toward the roots, supporting fibers and bone.
In this final stage of gum disease, the fibers and bone holding your teeth in place are destroyed . This can cause your teeth to shift or loosen and can affect your bite. If treatment can’t save your teeth , they may need to be removed.
Advanced periodontitis supporting fibers and bone are destroyed .teeth become loose and may need to be removed.
How Do I know if I have gum disease?
to find out if you have gum disease , your dentist or hygienist needs to check your teeth and gums. Since early gum disease can be reversed, it’s important to see your dentist or hygienist if you see any of the following:
- Gums that bleed or are red , puffy or swollen, or sore
- Gums that have pulled away from your teeth
- changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- pus that appears between your teeth and gums
- constant bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth
your oral health care provider can tell for sure if you have gum disease. That’s why it’s so important to have regular dental checkups.
during scaling, plaque and tartar are removed from the crown and roots of the tooth.